Suicide derived from a Latin word means self-murder. About 8,00,000 people commit suicide worldwide every year. Today suicide ranks Eighth leading cause of death and the most suicide reported between the ages of 15-45yrs.
Athma Education and Research Foundation’s response
Our 24/7 Acute Crisis and Suicide prevention guidance is inaugurated in 2009 and it is been handled by professionals who listen without judgment, and provide a confidential service.
Hot Line Number
0 98 424 22 121
Since 2009 we have saved 19000 suicides across India.
The Clients not only use the hotline number for the suicide counselling but also they use it for emergency conditions in psychiatry such as Aggressive behavior, drug over dose, violent behavior due to mental illness and referring wandering mentally ill destitute.
Through this hot line number we have rescued 467 from various parts of the states and cities and reunited 345 beneficiaries with their families.
Magnitude of the problem in India
India had 1,35,445 suicides in 2016-2017
Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and West Bengal had the highest proportion of suicides.
Approximately 1/10,000 commit suicide in India
The Second leading cause of death in Adolescents
Every 90 minutes a teenager tries to commit suicide in India.
Many of these attempts are half-hearted cries for attention, help and love, but every six hours, one succeeds.
Chennai had -13000 Deaths during 2016-17
Suicides in India
Reasons for Suicide
When a person wishes to die and does any act which endangers his safety of life
When a person dies of suicide
When a person attempts suicide was saved but has caused irreversible damage for example after a burns.
Here the person attempts suicide but with a wish not to die , for various gains.
Deliberate Self Harm (DSH)
Here the person does injures himself which may not be fatal but for gains, or other reasons.
Example burning his arm with a Cigarette bud, or slashing the wrist with a blade.
Common Precipitating Factors for Suicide
A recent stressor, like fear of being failed in exams, failure in exams or love, family issues.
Mental illness and painful medical conditions
A recent provocation by a close member, like father / mother tells child “Go die”, or “better you die”.
Feelings of Hopelessness, Worthlessness, Helplessness
Lack of parental support, social support feeling of loneliness,
Low self-esteem, No confiding relationships.
Facts to know
Information is power and too much misinformation about suicide can have tragic consequences.
Myth – Suicide in youth is not a problem
Truth – Suicide is a major problem affecting youth; it is the 2nd leading cause of death among 15-25 year olds
Myth – Asking about suicide causes suicidal behavior
Truth – Addressing the topic of suicide in a caring, empathetic, and nonjudgmental way shows that we are taking the person seriously and responding to their emotional pain
Myth – Only a professional can identity an individual at risk for suicidal behavior
Truth – Parents, Teachers and other caregivers often are the first to recognize warning signs and most able to intervene in a loving way.
What we need to know
We can help prevent suicide by
Recognizing Warning signs
Identifying Risk factors (characteristics that may lead a person to engage in suicidal behaviors)
Promoting Protective factors and knowing how to talk to them and seek mental health services.
Recognize the Warning signs
Studies shows that 4 out of 5 teen suicide attempts are preceded by clear warning signs.
A warning sign does not mean the teen or adut will attempt suicide, but do not ignore warning signs.
Respond to the victim immediately, thoughtfully and with loving concern.